Title: Describing the Indescribable


This chapter, the final one on the book, deals with the transformation of the earth into the new Eden—the consummation of the kingdom-abode of God on earth with believers as glorified members of the divine council.


Bibliography included in the book


M. David. Litwa, We are Being Transformed: Deification in Paul’s Soteriology (BZNW 187; Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2012)


Alan Scott, Origen and the Life of the Stars: The History of An Idea (Oxford Early Christian Studies; Oxford University Press, 1994


James H. Charlesworth, The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha (vol. 1; New York; London: Yale University Press, 1983)


G. K. Beale, The Book of Revelation: a Commentary on the Greek Text (New International Greek Testament Commentary; Grand Rapids, MI; Carlisle, Cumbria: W.B. Eerdmans; Paternoster Press, 1999)


C. Uehlinger, “Leviathan,” Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible (Leiden; Boston; Köln; Grand Rapids, MI; Cambridge: Brill; Eerdmans, 1999)


K. Spronk, “Rahab,” Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible (Leiden; Boston; Köln; Grand Rapids, MI; Cambridge: Brill; Eerdmans, 1999)


C. H. Gordon, “Leviathan: Symbol of Evil,” in Biblical Motifs: Origins and Transformations (ed. A. Altmann; Cambridge MA 1966) 1–9


John Day, God’s Conflict with the Dragon and the Sea (UCOP 35; Cambridge University Press, 1985)


M. K. Wakeman, God’s Battle with the Monster (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1973)


Additional Bibliography


R. J. McKelvey, The New Temple: The Church in the New Testament (Oxford: Clarendon, 1969)


Robert H. Gundry, “The New Jerusalem: People as Place, not Place for People,” Novum Testamentum (1987): 254-264


Celia Deutsch, “Transformation of Symbols: The New Jerusalem in Rev 21 1–22 5,” Zeitschrift für die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der Älteren Kirche 78, no. 1-2 (1987): 106-126


Dave Mathewson, A New Heaven and a New Earth: The Meaning and Function of the Old Testament in Revelation 21.1-22.5 (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2003)


Dave Mathewson, “The Destiny of the Nations in Revelation 21: 1-22: 5: A Reconsideration.” Tyndale Bulletin 53, no. 1 (2002): 121-142


Adela Yarbro Collins, The Combat Myth in the Book of Revelation (Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2001)


Steve Moyise, “Intertextuality and the use of Scripture in the Book of Revelation?” Scriptura: International Journal of Bible, Religion and Theology in Southern Africa 84 (2003): 391-401


M. Eugene Boring, “The Theology of Revelation: ‘The Lord Our God the Almighty Reigns’,” Interpretation 40, no. 3 (1986): 257-269


Pilchan Lee, The New Jerusalem in the Book of Revelation: a Study of Revelation 21-22 in the Light of its Background in Jewish Tradition (WUNT 129; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2001)


Jan A. Du Rand, “The New Jerusalem as Pinnacle of Salvation: Text (Rev 21: 1-22: 5) and Intertext,” Neotestamentica 38, no. 2 (2004): 125-153


Bruce Norman, “The Restoration of the Primordial World of Genesis 1–3 in Revelation 21–22,” Journal of the Adventist Theological Society 1997 (2002): 161-169


Jonathan Moo, “The Sea That is No More Rev 21: 1 and the Function of Sea Imagery in the Apocalypse of John,” Novum Testamentum 51, no. 2 (2009): 148-167


Daniel T. Lioy, “The Garden of Eden as a Primordial Temple or Sacred Space for Humankind,” Conspectus: The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 10 (2010): 25-57


Gregory K. Beale, The Temple and the Church’s Mission: A Biblical Theology of the Dwelling Place of God (InterVarsity Press, 2004)


K. William Whitney, Two Strange Beasts: Leviathan and Behemoth in Second Temple and Early Rabbinic Judaism (Eisenbrauns, 2006)


Howard Wallace, “Leviathan and the Beast in Revelation,” The Biblical Archaeologist 11, no. 3 (1948): 61-68


John N. Day, “God and Leviathan in Isaiah 27,” Bibliotheca sacra 155 (1998): 423-36


Andela Jeličić, “The Leviathan and the Serpent in the Old Testament,” IKON 2, no. 1 (2009): 39-46


F. F. Bruce, “The Crooked Serpent,” Evangelical Quarterly 20 (1948): 283-88


Andrew Angel, Chaos and the Son of Man: the Hebrew Chaoskampf Tradition in the Period 515 BCE to 200 CE. (The Library of Second Temple Studies 60; Bloomsbury Publishing, 2006)