Title: Standing before the Council


The focus of this chapter was the pattern of divine encounter—often in the council throne room of God—as a pre-requisite to speak for God (i.e., serve as a prophetic figure). There were no bibliographic citations in the original footnotes for this chapter. See the references below for support for the chapter content.


Additional Bibliography


David E. Bokovy, “Invoking the Council as Witnesses in Amos 3:13,” Journal of Biblical Literature 127:1 (2008): 37-51


F. M. Cross, “The Council of Yahweh in Second Isaiah,” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 12 (1953): 274-277


M. S. Heiser, “Divine Council,” Dictionary of the Old Testament: Prophets (ed. Mark J. Boda and J. Gordon McConville; Downers Grove, Ill.: Intervarsity Press, 2012), 162-166


Michael S. Heiser, “The Old Testament Response to Ancient Near Eastern Pagan Divination,” in On Global Wizardry: Techniques of Pagan Spirituality and a Christian Response (ed. Peter Jones; Main Entry Editions, 2010)


Edwin C. Kingsbury, “The Prophets and the Council of Yahweh,” Journal of Biblical Literature 83:3 (1964): 279-286


Patrick D. Miller, “Fire in the Mythology of Canaan and Israel,” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 27:3 (July 1965): 256-261


Patrick D. Miller, “The Divine Council and the Prophetic Call to War,” Vetus Testamentum 18 (1968): 100-107


Patrick D. Miller, “Cosmology and World Order in the Old Testament: The Divine Council as Cosmic-Political Symbol,” in Israelite Religion and Biblical Theology: Collected Essays (JSOTSup 267; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2000), 422-444


K. Nielsen, “Oak,” DDD


K. Nielsen, “Terebinth,” DDD


Martii Nissinen, “Prophets and the Divine Council,” in Kein Land für sich allein: Studien zum Kulturkontakt in Kanaan, Israel/Palästina und Ebirnari für Manfred Weippert zum 65. Geburstag, edited by U. Hübner und E. A. Knauf (OBO 186; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Rupprecht, 2002), 4-19


Christopher R. Seitz, “The Divine Council: Temporal Transition and New Prophecy in the Book of Isaiah.” Journal of Biblical Literature 109:2 (1990): 229-247


M. E. Polley, “Hebrew Prophecy Within the Council of Yahweh Examined in its Ancient Near Eastern Setting,” in Scripture in Context: Essays in the Comparative Method (ed. C.D. Evans, W.W. Hallo, and J.B. White; Pittsburgh Theological Monograph Series 34. Pittsburgh, 1980), 141-156


Matthew Black, “The Throne-Theophany Prophetic Commission and the ‘Son of Man’,” in Jews, Greeks, and Christians: Essays in Honor of W.D. Davies (ed. Robert Hamerton-Kelly and Robin Scroggs; Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1976), 57-73