Title: Who is Like Yahweh?


The subject matter of this chapter was the incomparability of Yahweh. Exodus 15 and its associated imagery re-purposed in other passages (e.g., Psalm 74 and Leviathan).


Bibliography from the book


James K. Hoffmeier, Israel in Egypt: The Evidence for Authenticity of the Exodus Tradition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996


James K. Hoffmeier, “Egypt, Plagues In,” ed. David Noel Freedman, The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (New York: Doubleday, 1992), 374-376


N. H. Snaith, “ים סוֹף: The Sea of Reeds: The Red Sea,” Vetus Testamentum 15:3 (July 1965): 395-398


Bernard F. Batto, “The Reed Sea: Requiescat in Pace,” Journal of Biblical Literature 102:1 (1983): 27-35


Additional Bibliography


Casper J. Labuschagne, The Incomparability of Yahweh in the Old Testament (E. J. Brill, 1966)



Catrin H. Williams, “I am He”: The Meaning and Interpretation of “ANI HU” in Jewish and Early Christian Literature (WUNT 113, Reihe 2; Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck, 1999)



Elmer B. Smick, “Mythopoetic language in the Psalms,” Westminster Theological Journal 44 (1982): 88-98



John S. Kselman, “Psalm 77 and the Book of Exodus,” Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society 15 (1983): 51-58



Dennis T. Olson, “God for Us, God against Us: Singing the Pentateuch’s Songs of Praise in Exodus 15 and Deuteronomy 32,” Theology Today 70, no. 1 (2013): 54-61



Saul M. Olyan, “Is Isaiah 40‐55 Really Monotheistic?” Journal of Ancient Near Eastern Religions 12, no. 2 (2012): 190-201



Ed Mathews, “Yahweh and the Gods: A theology of world religions.” International Journal of Frontier Missions 14, no. 1 (1997): 27-32



Anđela Jeličić, “The Leviathan and the Serpent in the Old Testament.” IKON 2, no. 1 (2009): 39-46



John N. Oswalt, “The Myth of the Dragon and Old Testament Faith,” Evangelical Quarterly 49, no. 3 (1977): 163-172



John Day, God’s Conflict with the Dragon and the Sea: Echoes of a Canaanite Myth in the Old Testament (University of Cambridge Oriental Publications 35; Cambridge, 1985)



J. A. Emerton, “Leviathan and Ltn: The Vocalization of the Ugaritic Word for Dragon,” Vetus Testamentum 32 (1982) 327–331