Title: Divine Misdirection


The chapter content focus on how messianic prophecy was deliberately cryptic—how it was laid out in breadcrumb trails (thematic elements) throughout the Old Testament, as opposed to propositional statements. The bibliography in the chapter and added here focus on the thematic elements in the Old Testament and the Second Temple (“Intertestamental”) Period.


Bibliography included in the book


John D. Barry, The Resurrected Servant in Isaiah (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2012)


D. E. Callender, Adam in Myth and History: Ancient Israelite Perspectives on the Primal Human (Harvard Semitic Studies 48; Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2000), 21-65


Crispin H. T. Fletcher-Louis, All the Glory of Adam: Liturgical Anthropology in the Dead Sea Scrolls (Studies of the Texts of The Desert of Judah, 42; Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2002)


Charles Gieschen, Angelomorphic Christology: Antecedents and Early Evidence (Arbeiten zur Geschichte des antiken Judentums und des Urchristentums 42; Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1998), 153-155; 163-167


John R. Levison, Portraits of Adam in Early Judaism: from Sirach to 2 Baruch (JSPSup 1; Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1988)


Wayne Meeks, The Prophet-King : Moses Traditions and the Johannine Christology (Supplements to Novum Testamentum 14; Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1965); M. E. Stone, A History of the Literature of Adam and Eve (SBLEJL 3; Atlanta 1992)


Wayne Meeks, “Moses as God and King,” Religions in Antiquity 69 (1968): 361-65


Adela Y. Collins and John Joseph Collins (ed.), King and Messiah as Son of God: Divine, Human, and Angelic Messianic Figures in Biblical and Related Literature (Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2008)


Arthur E. Cundall, “Sacral Kingship—Old Testament Background,” Vox Evangelica 6 (1969): 31-41


K. M. Heim, “Kings and Kingship,” Dictionary of the Old Testament: Historical Books (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2005), 610-622


Tryggve N. D. Mettinger, King and Messiah: The Civil and Sacral Legitimation of the Israelite Kings (Lund: CWK Gleerup, 1976)


Aubrey R. Johnson, Sacral Kingship in Ancient Israel (Wales: University of Wales Press, 1967)


J. J. M. Roberts, “The Enthronement of YHWH and David: The Abiding Theological Significance of the Kingship Language of the Psalms,” The Catholic Biblical Quarterly 64, no. 4 (2002): 675-686


G. P. Hugenberger, “ The Servant of the Lord in the Servant Songs of Isaiah: A Second Moses Figure,” Irish Biblical Studies 1 (1979): 3-18


Additional Bibliography


Timo Eskola, Messiah and the Throne: Jewish Merkabah Mysticism and Early Christian Exaltation Discourse (WUNT 142, Reihe 2; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2001)


Aquila H. I. Lee, From Messiah to Preexistent Son: Jesus’ Self-consciousness and Early Christian Exegesis of Messianic Psalms (WUNT 192, Reihe 2; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2005); reprinted by Wipf and Stock, 2009


Pierpaolo Bertalotto, “The Enochic Son of Man, Psalm 45, and the Book of the Watchers,” Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha 19, no. 3 (2010): 195-216


Richard Bauckham, “Paul’s Christology of Divine Identity.” In Paper delivered to the Pauline Epistles Section of the SBL annual meeting, Toronto, vol. 25. 2002


Hermann Lichtenberger, “Messianic Expectations and Messianic Figures in the Second Temple Period,” in Qumran-Messianism: Studies on the Messianic Expectations in the Dead Sea Scrolls (ed. James H. Charlesworth, Hermann Lichtenberger, G. S. Oegema; Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck, 1998), 9-20


Martin G. Abegg and Craig A. Evans, “Messianic Passages in the Dead Sea Scrolls,” in Qumran-Messianism: Studies on the Messianic Expectations in the Dead Sea Scrolls (ed. James H. Charlesworth, Hermann Lichtenberger, G. S. Oegema; Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck, 1998), 191-203


James H. Charlesworth, “Messianology in the Biblical Pseudepigrapha,” in Qumran-Messianism: Studies on the Messianic Expectations in the Dead Sea Scrolls (ed. James H. Charlesworth, Hermann Lichtenberger, G. S. Oegema; Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck, 1998), 21-52


N. T. Wright, Jesus and the Victory of God (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1997)


Michael A. Knibb, “Messianism in the Pseudepigrapha in the Light of the Scrolls.” Dead Sea Discoveries (1995): 165-184


Mark L. Strauss, The Davidic Messiah in Luke-Acts: the Promise and its Fulfillment in Lukan Christology (LNTS 110; Bloomsbury Publishing, 1995)


Marinus de Jonge, “Messiah,” The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (ed. David Noel Freedman; New York: Doubleday, 1992)


L. W. Hurtado, “Christ,” Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels (ed. Joel B. Green and Scot McKnight; Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1992)


C. A. Evans, “Messianism,” Dictionary of New Testament Background: a Compendium of Contemporary Biblical Scholarship (ed. Craig A. Evans and Stanley E. Porter; Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2000)


Andrew Chester, Messiah and Exaltation: Jewish Messianic and Visionary Traditions and New Testament Christology (WUNT 207, Reihe 2; Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2007


Craig A. Evans, “Messianic Hopes and Messianic Figures in Late Antiquity,” JGRChJ 3 (2006): 9-40


Joseph A. Fitzmyer, The One who is to Come (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2007)


J. Becker, Messianic Expectation in the Old Testament (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1977)


K. E. Pomykala, The Davidic Dynasty Tradition in Early Judaism: Its History and Significance for Messianism (SBLEJL, 7; Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1995)


A. Laato, Star Is Rising: The Historical Development of the Old Testament Royal Ideology and the Rise of the Jewish Messianic Expectations (USF International Studies in Formative Christianity and Judaism, 5; Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1997)


R. S. Hess and M.D. Carroll R. (eds.), Israel’s Messiah in the Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2003


Sook-Young Kim, The Warrior Messiah in Scripture and Intertestamental Writings (Cambridge University Press, 2010)